The Sphinx is a statue of a legendary creature with a lion’s body and human head It is said that it was originally colored and there are traces of original colors visible next to one of his ears so far. The Sphinx is Located in Giza, Egypt, as the guard for the Giza Plateau. It is the oldest known sculptures of magnitude in size, with a length of about 73.5 meters. divided into 15 meters length of the legs from the front. a width of 19.3 m, and rise from the ground about 20 meters to the top of the head. The ancient Egyptians probably built it during the reign of King Khafra (2558-2532 BC), the second pyramid’s owner.
The Sphinx’s head:
Sphinx looks to the east, so the original sides were changed in the last century to match the Sphinx.
Opinions differed in the expression of this statue
which is said to represent King Khafre as he combines the power of Assad with the wisdom of man. Some archaeologists say that it was King Khufu who built it and not Khafre. The Sphinx remains controversial, as the question of the statue owner remains open for discussion.
The nose of the Sphinx:
The Sphinx had a long nose but lost his nose, which is 1 meter wide, and the argument that the nose was destroyed by the artillery of Napoleon’s soldiers is different. Others accuse the British, Mamluks or others. To explain this is said to have been essentially sculpted without a nose, but everyone has agreed that the most correct view is that the nose was the weakest point in the statue.
Other forms of Sphinx:
The Sphinx was and continues to inspire artists over time.
Some of them were made during the nineteenth century in Europe, specifically in Italy and France, when the Egyptian civilization began to spread throughout Europe and America. And also The ancient Egyptians made statues resembling the Sphinx but in smaller sizes, and several of these statues were placed on both sides of the road between the Temple of Karnak and Luxor Temple. Her heads as rams and her body and the body of the lion and take Sphinx position, this road is called “Al Kebash Road”. These statues were made to glorify the kings.